Clostridium difficile–induced colitis is an inflammation of the large intestine (colon) that results in diarrhea. The inflammation is caused by toxin produced by Clostridium difficile bacteria and usually develops after people take antibiotics that enable these bacteria to grow in the intestine.
Clostridium difficile–induced colitis is usually occurs after taking antibiotics.
Typical symptoms range from slightly loose stools to bloody diarrhea, abdominal pain, and fever.
Doctors test the stool and sometimes use a viewing tube to examine the large intestine of people who have symptoms of Clostridium difficile–induced colitis.
Most people who have mild Clostridium difficile–induced colitis get better after the antibiotic that triggered the colitis has been stopped and another antibiotic is taken.
Clostridium difficile do not require oxygen to live. That is, they are anaerobes.